LIVELIHOOD DUALISM: CASE STUDY OF WETLAND CONVERSION INTO ESTATE IMPACT IN THE VILLAGES BASED JAVANESE AND SERAWAI ETHNICS IN REGENCY OF SELUMA, PROVINCE OF BENGKULU, INDONESIA

Widiono, Septri and Lala , M. Kolopaking and Said , Rusli (2016) LIVELIHOOD DUALISM: CASE STUDY OF WETLAND CONVERSION INTO ESTATE IMPACT IN THE VILLAGES BASED JAVANESE AND SERAWAI ETHNICS IN REGENCY OF SELUMA, PROVINCE OF BENGKULU, INDONESIA. In: Proceeding ISEPROLOCAL. Badan Penerbitan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Bengkulu, Bengkulu, Indonesia, pp. 347-352. ISBN 9786029071184

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Abstract

The phenomenon of farmer livelihood dualism in rural area was indicated by the symptom of livelihood strategy that different by class. The lower and middle class showed survival strategy for their life while the upper class showed strategy of wealth accumulation. So the farmer‘s household diversified their source of income beside income from palm oil estate like rice farming, small business enterprises, and employing to the other farmer. In opposite, the upper class tended to spesify on the palm oil estate as their source of income. This finding was revealed from survey of sixty household in combined with in-depth interviewed of some key informant. This phenomenon just occured when the farmer converting their land from wetland to palm oil estate massively because the land converting affected to their working that shaped to this crop. When land convertion occured, the employment alteration being estate farmer has affectedtheirincome source depend on their estate though Javanese and Serawai based household.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture > Department of Animal Science
Depositing User: 001 Bambang Gonggo Murcitro
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2016 10:41
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2016 10:41
URI: http://repository.unib.ac.id/id/eprint/11381

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