FISHERIES SURVEILLANCE IN THE OUTER ISLANDS IN ADDRESSING IUU FISHING TO PERFORM FISHERIES GOVERNANCE (STUDIES IN ENGGANO, NORTH BENGKULU, INDONESIA)

Septaria, Ema and Deli, Waryenti and Tri, Andika (2017) FISHERIES SURVEILLANCE IN THE OUTER ISLANDS IN ADDRESSING IUU FISHING TO PERFORM FISHERIES GOVERNANCE (STUDIES IN ENGGANO, NORTH BENGKULU, INDONESIA). In: ICSDL 2016 ( International Conference on Sustainable Development and Livelihoods), 26-28 Agustus 2016, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT).

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Abstract

Under article 47 of UNCLOS 1982 Indonesia as an archipelago state is entitled to draw archipelagic baselines from the outermost points of the outermost islands, hence, the presence of the outer islands is very important not only in defense and security, but also in economy and ecology. One of the outer islands of Indonesia is Enggano located in Bengkulu province which is directly adjacent to the Indian ocean. The fish there is very potential, consequently it must be used responsibly to secure and it can benefit the future generation interests as well. To direct the actors to do responsible fisheries and comply to the governing laws, surveillance plays a substantial role. A field survey showed that apart from local fishers, there were also foreign-flagged fishing vessel in Enggano waters. As IUU fishing happens frequently in Indonesian waters, it is important to know how the fisheries surveillance carried out in the island, therefore this research aims to get to know the legality of fishing conducted by foreign-flagged vessels; the constraints faced and solutions envisaged. This is a normative legal research. Interviews were conducted to legal officers involved directly to fisheries surveillance to complement the existing primary data. The results showed that the surveillance on Enggano waters cannot be performed optimally due to shortage of human resources in both quantity and quality (lack of legal knowledge of the inspectors), facilities (poor condition of surveillance vessels, supplies of fuel), the weather. To address these problems, there should be an enhancement of legal knowledge of the officers, cooperation and coherence among related institutions and involvement of community. The success of surveillance, laws, officers and community to manage enforce the law will result in a fisheries governance.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law > Department of Law Science
Depositing User: 161 Septi Septi
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2017 02:05
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2017 02:05
URI: http://repository.unib.ac.id/id/eprint/11608

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