Embryogenic Callus Induction of Pencil Orchid (Papilionanthe hookeriana Rchb.f.) Through in Vitro Culture

Romeida, Atra and D.W, Ganefianti and Rustikawati, Rustikawati (2016) Embryogenic Callus Induction of Pencil Orchid (Papilionanthe hookeriana Rchb.f.) Through in Vitro Culture. International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering Information Technology, 6 (2). pp. 196-200. ISSN 2088-5334

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Papilionanthe hookeriana Rchb.f. (Orchidaceae), popularly known as ‘Pencil orchid’ in Indonesia, is a perennial ephiphyte orchid, found only at Dendam Tak Sudah Lake in Bengkulu. The aims of this research were to find the best sterilization technique of P. hookeriana explant and to induce maximum formation of embryogenic calli. Rapid multiplication of this orchid was achieved through culture of shoot tips and young leaf segments of mature plants by in vitro cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium enriched with 50 g L-1 banana pulp. The experiment used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three replications. In the first stage, the explants were sterilized using three compositions of sterilizaton material. In the second stage, the explants were planted on the MS basal medium with addition of five levels of 2,4-Diclhorophenoxy Acetis Acid concentrations, namely 0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, and 1.00 mg L-1. The result showed that the best sterilization method to reduce explant contaminant was method 3, in which the explant was washed with detergent, rinsed with flowing water, soaked in 0.1% (v/v) HgCl2 solution for 30 minutes, soaked again in the 10% (v/v) Sodium hypochloride solution for 20 minutes, rinsed three times with sterile water before planted and then soaked in sterile water added 10% (v/v) betadhine before planted on treated medium. This method was able to reduce contamination levels up to 70% from explants cultured for 5 months on MS medium. MS medium added with 1.00 mg L-1 2,4-D produced the highest number of embryogenic calli, and the biggest callus diameter (3.5 cm), characterized by transparent green color and friable callus structure.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture > Department of Agroecotechnology
Depositing User: 001 Bambang Gonggo Murcitro
Date Deposited: 30 May 2017 03:13
Last Modified: 30 May 2017 03:13
URI: http://repository.unib.ac.id/id/eprint/11720

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