SELECTION OF SUMATRA ELEPHANTS (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS SUMATRANUS TEMMINCK, 1847) TOWARD HABITAT TYPES AND RESOURCES IN WILDLIFE SANCTUARY OF PADANG SUGIHAN, SOUTH SUMATRA PROVINCE

Rizwar, Rizwar and Zulkifli, Dahlan and Dwi, Setyawan and Indra, Yustian (2017) SELECTION OF SUMATRA ELEPHANTS (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS SUMATRANUS TEMMINCK, 1847) TOWARD HABITAT TYPES AND RESOURCES IN WILDLIFE SANCTUARY OF PADANG SUGIHAN, SOUTH SUMATRA PROVINCE. AENSI Journals. pp. 403-410.

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Abstract

The wildlife sanctuary of Padang Sugihan in South Sumatra province is the habitat of wild Sumatran elephants that have five types of plant communities (sub-habitats) of lowland wetland ecosystem such as mixed swamp forests, secondary forests, stands of Melaleuca cajuputi, inland marsh grasses and swamp grasses permanently waterlogged. This study focuses on a selection of wild elephants toward habitat types and resources including environmental factors such as the availability of food plants, the ratio of feed plant species consumed, the availability of tree barks, availability of trees for swiping body, denseness of canopy cover, presence of competitors, presence of predators, the distance of elephant presences to the water source and to the forest. Line transect method with 20 plots measuring 20 m x 20 m were established along the elephant trails characterized by the presence of traces of footprints and bolus piles of feces left on the soil surface in each habitat type. The number and plant species, the amount of feces each plot including the abiotic factors noted. Regression analysis and correlation test were used to determine the relationship of elephant presence related to the habitat types and resources. The study found that the wild elephants preferred inland marsh grass habitat than habitat of mixed swamp and secondary forests due to the abundant availability of food plants. Habitat of Melaleuca cajuputi stands was less chosen because of the relatively high human presence. From nine variable sources in habitat, four variables such as, the availability of food plants, the availability of tree barks, denseness of canopy cover and presence of animals competitors were the most decisive factors in the presence of the wild Sumatran elephants in sanctuary.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Math & Natural Science > Department of Biology Science
Depositing User: 161 Septi Septi
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2017 04:57
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2017 01:42
URI: http://repository.unib.ac.id/id/eprint/14364

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