DAILY BEHAVIOR OF SUMATRAN ELEPHANTS (Elephasmaximussumatranus) AT THE ELEPHANT TRAINING CENTER IN REGION OF SEBLAT NATURE PARK IN NORTH BENGKULU REGENCY

Syaputra, Octomi Dafi and Rizwar, Rizwar and Darmi, Darmi (2015) DAILY BEHAVIOR OF SUMATRAN ELEPHANTS (Elephasmaximussumatranus) AT THE ELEPHANT TRAINING CENTER IN REGION OF SEBLAT NATURE PARK IN NORTH BENGKULU REGENCY. In: Proceeding International and Expo On Promoting Local Resources for Food and Helath. Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu, Bengkulu, Indonesia, pp. 480-484. ISBN 9786029071184

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Abstract

The development of Sumatran wild elephants to be tame elephants will slowly change their daily behavior of both social and individual. Changes in social behavior include how to live in groups and reproduce. While changes in individual behavior can be seen from time budget of browsing, feeding and drinking, flicking, licking for the source of the mineral salts and the resting activities. Changes from wild behavior to tame behavior are very important in the context of elephant self adjustment and survive in the face of different environmental conditions in Seblat Elephant Training Centre. This study was conducted in the Elephant Training Center in the region of Seblat Natural Park, North Bengkulu Regency. The study aims to examine the daily behavior of tame elephants that have formed as a result of coaching, especially in time budget for browsing, feeding, drinking, licking mineral salts, resting, playing, flushing water or soil onto their bodies and flicking food onto their bodies. Data collection of daily behavior was conducted against 15 individuals of elephants by using scan sampling method from 08:00 to I5:00 o'clock during 24 days. The behavior of each individual of tame elephants was observed during a 30 minute interval and the time interval of observation was for 5 minutes with a total of observation time was 7 hours. The results showed that the trained elephants annihilate more time to browse in searching of food (27 ,96%), feeding activity (26.35%), throwing food onto the body (12.04%), flushing water or soil onto the body (10,29%), drinking (9.27%), resting (8.25%), playing (3.21%) and licking mineral salts (2.63%). Based on the differences in gender and age, the daily behavior of female elephants was more active than males and adolescent. On the other side, the daily behavior of male elephants was more active to lick mineral salts than females and/or adolescent.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Math & Natural Science > Department of Biology Science
Depositing User: 001 Bambang Gonggo Murcitro
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2017 03:18
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2017 01:50
URI: http://repository.unib.ac.id/id/eprint/14500

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