ECTO AND ENDOPARASITES ON SUMATRA ELEPHANT POPULATION AT SEBLAT ELEPHANT TRAINING CENTER, BENGKULU PROVINCE, INDONESIA

Rizwar, Rizwar and Darmi, Darmi and Dioba, Wansir and Dina, Mardianti (2017) ECTO AND ENDOPARASITES ON SUMATRA ELEPHANT POPULATION AT SEBLAT ELEPHANT TRAINING CENTER, BENGKULU PROVINCE, INDONESIA. Journal of Advanced Zoology, 38 (2). pp. 178-185. ISSN 0253-7214

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Abstract

The deaths of 19 individuals of Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus) at Seblat Elephant Training Center (SETC) in the last 24 years are still disputed but the large alleged deaths are due to complications of illnesses that begin with ecto and endoparasite sucks on their body. Ectoparasites were collected directly from left and right ear organs, two leg folds and elephant tail during the study period while endoparasites were extracted from fresh fecal of 21 individual elephants scouted by SETC mahouts using floatation and precipitation methods. Ectoparasite on elephant bodies was found only one species of Culicoides fulvus (Class: Insect) that sucks blood and is a filariasis transmitting vector as well as Leuco cytzoonosis commonly found in the left or right ear rather than the folds of the leg and tail. By sex, ectoparasites are more common in female elephants than in adult males. Endoparasites were found to be oocysts of three genera of parasite worms such as Toxocara, Oxyuris and Fasciola but not found in adult worms. SETC elephants were contracted by endoparasites of Toxocara (33,035 eggs/100 gr fecal/individual) and Oxyuris (32,865 eggs/100gr fecal/individual) while individual suffered from Fasciola (98,800 eggs/100gr fecal/individual).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Math & Natural Science > Department of Biology Science
Depositing User: 161 Septi Septi
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2018 08:18
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2018 04:42
URI: http://repository.unib.ac.id/id/eprint/15373

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