INTRODUCTION OF INDIGENOUS BENGKULU CHICKEN, POPULATION DISTRIBUTION, FEMALE PRODUCTION AND REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS DESCRIPTION

Putranto, Heri Dwi (2011) INTRODUCTION OF INDIGENOUS BENGKULU CHICKEN, POPULATION DISTRIBUTION, FEMALE PRODUCTION AND REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS DESCRIPTION. In: Proceedings of the XIXth Annual Meeting, 2011, Himeji, Japan.

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Proceedings of the XIXth Annual Meeting Japanese Study Group on Artificial reproduction of Endangered Animals (J-AREA) Himeji 2011.pdf - Published Version
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Abstract

There are various sub-species of Indonesia indigenous native and wild chickens. Some are crossbreeds from a wild sub-species, semi-domesticated and free ranged in a backyard farming system in rural area. Bengkulu Province has a native chicken called burgo with small and compact body size, smaller than kampung chicken bigger than wild chicken. Aim of the research were; 1) to investigate the existence of Burgo chicken by calculating the number of population, population density and distribution pattern of Burgo chicken under traditional domestication system on five districts of Bengkulu Province, 2) to identify the effects of extract of Sauropus androgynus (ESA) supplementation on female burgo chicken’s egg production (number and weight) and female reproductive organs measurements (weight of ovarium and oviduct). In the first experiment, a survey method was applied, the collected data were analyzed for Variance-Mean Ratio and formula Density, which were descriptively discussed. Then it was continued by adding the extract of Sauropus androgynus (ESA) into drinking water with 3 different levels (non-supplemented, 9, 18 and 27 g/chicken/day) during 8 weeks of the second experiment. The result showed that the highest population percentage of Burgo chicken (32%) was in Rejang Lebong district and the highest population density of 0.071 chicken/km2 was in Central Bengkulu district. The population distribution pattern were categorized as group random distribution. The supplementation of ESA dosed 9 to 27 g/chickens/day had no significantly affected egg production and reproductive organs weight and length (p > 0.05). However, as a conservation effort, the 27 g/chicken/day of ESA supplementation level resulted the highest egg production compared to another levels. It can be concluded that two determinant factors in Burgo chicken domestication in those districts of Bengkulu Province were socio economic and local cultural factors. We believe that several further development and exploration should be conducted to discover more beneficial aspect of traditional herbs (ESA) on its production and reproductive organs performances.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture > Department of Animal Science
Depositing User: Septi Septi
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2020 08:19
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2020 08:19
URI: http://repository.unib.ac.id/id/eprint/21461

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