Critical Level of Water Recharges in the Catchment Areas of Manna Watershed Bengkulu Province Indonesia

Khairul, Amri and loparedo, nugraha and Faiz, Barchia Critical Level of Water Recharges in the Catchment Areas of Manna Watershed Bengkulu Province Indonesia. AIP Conference Proceedings. ISSN 978-0-7345-1591-1

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Abstract

Land use changes in Manna watershed are caused degradation in the watershed functions. When water infiltration goes down, some water runs off flowing to Manna River cause submerged on the downstream. The aim of this study is to analyze how the Manna watershed overcoming environmentally degraded conditions. The critical level of the Manna catchment areas was determined by overlaying some digital maps based on procedure applying in the Ministry of Forestry, Republic of Indonesia (P.32/MENHUT-II/2009). Measuring the critical level of the catchment also needed natural and actual infiltrations map, and the interpretation process of the analysis used ArcGIS 10.1 software. Based on the spatial data analysis by overlaying maps of slope, soils, and rainfall, the natural infiltration rate in the Manna watershed categorized high level (44.1%). While, the critical level of the catchment areas of the Manna watershed classified in good condition cover about 64,5 % of the areas, and starting to degraded state cover about 35,5 % of the watershed areas. The environment degradation conditions indicated the land use changes in the Manna watershed could deteriorate infiltration rates. The cultivated agricultural activities neglected conservation rule could accelerate the critical catchment areas in the Manna watershed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture > Department of Soil Science
Depositing User: Miss Goklasni Manullang
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2021 05:22
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2021 05:22
URI: http://repository.unib.ac.id/id/eprint/23648

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